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What are industrial lubricates and their uses?


The main purpose of industrial lubricants is to reduce the wear caused by parts in motion, in addition to helping to reduce adhesion between objects and having anti-corrosion properties. Industrial lubricants have a wide range of applications and many types, suitable for use in different fields. Its types include hydraulic oil, machine tool lubricating oil, anti-rust oil, metalworking fluid, electrical oil, heat transfer oil, etc. It is usually not widely used in professional fields such as the automobile maintenance industry, marine industry, aerospace, etc.


Industrial lubricants are generally composed of two important parts: base oil (organic base) and additives (inorganic base). The combination of base oil and additives can ensure the service life and performance. The base oil is the main component of lubricating oil and determines the basic properties of lubricating oil. The additives can be used to make up for and improve the lack and deficiencies in the performance of the base oil, and give it some new properties.


The base oil of lubricating oil is mainly divided into three types: synthetic base oil, mineral base oil, and bio-based oil.


Among them, mineral base oils are the most widely used and it is refined from crude oil. About 95% of the occasions use mineral base oils, but in some cases, synthetic base oils or biological base oils must be used for blending. The chemical composition of mineral base oils includes a high boiling point, high molecular weight hydrocarbons, and non-hydrocarbon mixtures. Nowadays, most industrial enterprises are concerned about environmental pollution. Therefore, bio-based oils are becoming more and more popular in the market. They are "natural" lubricants that can quickly reduce environmental pollution. However, the cost of bio-based lubricants is higher than that of mineral-based lubricants and synthetic-based lubricants.


Additives in lubricating oil can improve and strengthen the physical and chemical properties of the original lubricating oil, and impart new properties to the lubricating oil to meet the higher demand in the market. In choosing additives, we need to be careful to ensure the quality of lubricants. It is necessary to select appropriate additives according to the quality and performance of the lubricating oil to carry out the mixing work.



THE FUNCTIONS OF LUBRICANTS:


Industrial lubricants are mainly used in various types of machinery to reduce the friction between surfaces during movement, protect machinery and processed parts, and play the roles of lubrication, rust prevention, cleaning, cooling, sealing, and buffering.


1. Lubrication: When the parts are running, friction will be generated on the surface between the parts. Friction will cause heat to be generated, which will melt the metal and cause wear and tear on the parts. At this time, it is necessary to apply industrial lubricating oil on the surface of the machine parts, which has formed a protective film to reduce wear and friction resistance to extend the service life of mechanical equipment.


2. Anti-corrosion and anti-rust: Industrial lubricants form a film on the parts, which can protect the surface of the parts from external corrosion, such as water vapor in the air or some acid gases.


3. Cleaning function: When the machine is in operation, dust, or dirt in the air will adhere to the surface of the machine. Therefore, we need to use industrial lubricants for cleaning the machine to avoid damage to the machine parts caused by dust.


4. Cooling purpose: Industrial lubricating oil can absorb the heat in the machine and then transmit it to the oil pan for discharge. It can prevent the high temperature of the engine and burn out the parts.


5. Sealing effect: There will be some gaps in the cylinder, which will affect the sealing state of the cylinder and reduce the air pressure inside. The use of industrial lubricating oil can achieve the function of preventing leakage and gas blow-by, and maintain the air pressure in the cylinder.


6. The purpose of buffering: Industrial lubricants can disperse the impact load on the machine parts and damping so that the machine parts can work smoothly.


 

TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL OILS:


1. Chain Oil: Chain oil mainly provides protection for the chain such as lubrication, anti-friction, anti-rust, and waterproof. Suitable for use on chains that are often exposed.


2. Compressor Oil: Compressor oil is used to lubricate the compressor cylinder and piston rod seals which provide an anti-wear and anti-corrosion function to the compressor.


3. Cylinder Oil: Cylinder oil has good anti-oxidation and sealing performance. Because it is mainly made of mineral base oil plus anti-oxidant and anti-wear additives.


4. Gear Oil: Gear oil mainly plays the role of lubrication, anti-rust, anti-wear, cleaning, cooling, heat dissipation, and reducing tooth surface impact and noise.


5. Hydraulic Oil: Hydraulic oil mainly plays the role of the lubrication system, energy transfer, rust prevention, and corrosion protection in the hydraulic system.


6. Motor Oil: Motor oil can lubricate the engine, reduce friction, prevent rust, corrosion, cool down, seal and prevent leakage, and improve fuel efficiency.


7. Process Oil: Processing oil is a lubricating oil processed for the purpose of extending the life of the tool, improving the surface finish of the tool, and improving the performance of rust prevention. The processing oil is added with different proportions of refrigerants, anti-mildew fungicides, and anti-rust agents according to requirements.


8. Transmission Oil: Transmission fluid is a kind of lubricating oil used to keep the gearshift system clean. Its main function is to extend the life of transmission equipment and ensure that the gearbox can work normally.


 

Industrial lubricating oil is a liquid that protects equipment and reduces friction between workpieces on mechanical equipment. In addition, it also plays a role in lubrication, rust prevention, sealing, cleaning, cooling, etc. If you want to buy industrial lubricants, please contact our customer service at 011-7000 7687 or sent your enquiry to my.mechero@gmail.com.

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